The Hair Transplant, Before the hair transplant operation, Strip technique for hair transplantion
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THE HAIR TRANSPLANT Used for many years, the cosmetic surgery technique for hair transplantation, follicular autotransplantation, allows to solv..
THE HAIR TRANSPLANT
Used for many years, the cosmetic surgery technique for hair transplantation, follicular autotransplantation, allows to solve the problem of male and, in some cases, also female hair loss, through the transfer of a certain amount of hair bulbs, coming from the patient himself, from one region of the scalp to another.
Most men lose their hair in the anterior and clerical area, as these areas are linked to hormonal factors. Conditionings to which the back area (nape) is not subject, where hair loss occurs in very rare cases.
This is the area that baldness surgeons define as the donor area, genetically resistant to the progress of the androgenetic alopecia process. The follicular units of this area are, therefore, removed and repositioned in the areas of the head characterized by baldness. Once transplanted, there is a guarantee that the hair will not fall out.
BEFORE THE HAIR TRANSPLANT OPERATION
In the pre-operative visit, the surgeon will carry out the patient's medical history for the purpose of a correct diagnosis. He will then analyze the scalp, assessing the state and degree of baldness, which can be more or less severe, and deciding in agreement with the patient which parts to undergo the transplant. An indispensable requirement to be able to carry out this intervention is a good presence of hair bulbs in the occipital area (donor area), to be transplanted into the deficient parts of the scalp (recipient areas) in order to carry out a redistribution of the bulbs.
Based on the size of the area to be thickened, the quantity of useful follicular units to be taken from the nape of the neck to be transferred to the recipient area will be planned, as well as the most appropriate procedure for each individual case.
HAIR TRANSPLANT OPERATION
The treatment is usually performed under local anesthesia, lasts a few hours (depending on the size of the regions to be transplanted), is absolutely painless and does not require any medication. The size of the area to be treated affected by baldness and the characteristics of the donor area are the variables that affect the size of the intervention and the density of the follicular units to be implanted. The donor area may have different levels of density and in some cases it may take more than one session to achieve the desired result. It is therefore important that the patient has realistic expectations regarding the expected results.
Currently there are two techniques of removal of the hair bulbs to which the patient can be subjected: STRIP and FUE.
STRIP TECHNIQUE FOR HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
In this technique, a thin scalp lozenge is taken from the back of the head, an area not subject to the processes of androgenetic alopecia, thus collecting the hair. The removal of this part takes about 30 minutes and the techniques with which it is carried out lead to an excellent level of healing.
Each single follicular unit that is extracted from the donor area contains 1 to 4 hairs, a feature that makes this technique very effective. In fact, it is possible to obtain thousands of hairs from a single lozenge extracted from the donor area.
It is essential that the extraction process is performed by an experienced surgeon as the outcome of an excellent healing depends on the quality of the suture performed. Once the sample is taken, the wound is closed with sutures specifically designed for this type of surgery.
In the meantime, the team assistants carry out the separation and collection of the follicular units. Through personalized enlargers for each assistant, this process is greatly facilitated compared to the past, also affecting the reduction of the transection of the follicular units which, obtained from the single scalp lozenge, can measure increases of up to 30%. Depending on the patient's needs and the richness of the donor area, a large number of follicular units can be obtained to be transferred. In the presence of a rich donor area and a poor hair recipient area, mega sessions can be performed, obtaining up to 6,000 follicular units.
The surgeon will then make microscopic incisions in the recipient area, the density of which will depend on the size of the area to be treated and the number of follicular units that have been obtained.
During the first phase of this procedure, the patient is semi-reclining on a reclining bed. For the creation of the recipient sites, on the other hand, the lateral-slit technique is used, a surgical technique that mimics the natural alignment and distribution of the hair.
Follicular units containing only one hair will come, dun