The surgical correction of baldness is performed through hair transplantation. The hair micrograft allows to obtain a hair in harmony with the current and future age of the patient. The technique used is valid for treating not only androgenic baldness, both male and female, but also other forms of hair loss of congenital, traumatic-scarring origin, burns, infections, autoimmune diseases (SLE, Scleroderma, etc. ). It is also useful for treating alopecia of the eyelashes, beard, pubis or other hairy areas.
It allows you to increase the density of hair in areas of the head (called "recipients") where it is scarce or nil by self-grafting of bulbs taken with different techniques from so-called "donor" regions, generally from the posterior and lateral regions of the head of the same individual. The transplanted hair will grow exactly like normal, "native" hair.
Duration: from 3 to 5 hours depending on the number of grafts to be implanted
Anesthesia: local or local with sedation
Withdrawal: Different withdrawal methods can be used:
Withdrawal with FUE technique (“Follicular Unit Extraction”): it consists in the direct withdrawal of the single units each containing from 1 to 4 hairs using special tools. With this technique, virtually invisible micro-scars exist in the sampling area without the need to use sutures and with a recovery period of less than 7 days. The disadvantage compared to the FUT technique lies in the longer duration of the intervention with the same number of grafted follicles and therefore in the higher cost.
Withdrawal using the FUT (or STRIP) technique: it consists in the removal of a strip of scalp from the posterior area of the head of proportional size to the follicles to be transplanted. While the margins of the scalp sampling are being sutured an assistant begins to separate the groups of follicular units from the strip. A thin linear scar remains at the collection site and is covered by surrounding hair growth. The advantage over the FUE technique is the shorter duration and the lower cost. The disadvantage is the most postoperative discomfort at the sampling site.
Grafting: takes place through the production of small holes within which the grafts are positioned according to the predetermined density and pattern. In order to obtain the most natural results, it is essential that the holes are made with the appropriate inclination and that 1-2 hair follicular units are used to thicken the frontal area ("hairline").
The crusts formed at each graft fall off spontaneously 7-10 days after surgery.
3 months after the operation, the hair resumes its normal growth rate (1 cm per month).
Work can be resumed the day after the intervention.
Physical, sporting and sexual activity can be resumed after one week
Bleeding with consequent expulsion of the grafted follicle from the implant site.
Failure to engraft some hair follicles.
RESULTS AND THEIR DURATION
The transplanted hair is final. In younger people, hair loss can continue and extend to untreated areas: in such cases, thickening sessions will be necessary.