Hair transplantation allows, thanks to innovative surgical techniques, to redistribute the hair follicles from a donor area to a bald or thinning one. Technology today takes advantage of microsurgery to give the hair a look as natural as possible. The result of a hair transplant depends a lot on the follicles to be grafted and the extent of the area to be thickened.
Hair loss is mainly caused by a combination of:
family history of baldness
Apply for hair transplantation
Hair transplant candidates must have healthy hair growth on the back and sides of the head as these represent the donor areas.
Donor areas are the areas of the head from which the scalp flaps or individual follicles will be taken for hair grafts.
Some factors can affect the aesthetic result, such as the color of the hair or the type of hair, for example if it is wavy. There are various techniques and sometimes, two or more techniques are used to get the best results. All hair transplant techniques use existing hair. The purpose of this surgery is precisely to "optimize" the use of the patient's own hair.
In general, women, having a type of fall that is widespread on the whole head, do not have, except in rare cases, suitable donor areas.
Hair follicles are typically transplanted using one of these two techniques:
follicular unit hair transplant (FUT): units of hair are removed from a strip of scalp taken from a donor area.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): Individual hair units are removed directly from the donor area, individually, follicle by follicle, and transplanted into areas with thinning.
Creating recipient sites and placing follicular unit grafts are essentially the same in both procedures. The difference between the two methods lies in the quantity and quality of grafts obtained.
Preparation for hair transplant
The surgeon will give specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery, including:
what to eat and drink
you must quit smoking at least a week or two before surgery
precautions or suspension of taking some vitamins and drugs
By carefully following the instructions given by the doctor, surgery will be much easier.
Hair transplant, recovery from surgery
How it feels after surgery depends on the extent and complexity of the procedure. Any pain can be relieved with pain relieving drugs prescribed by the doctor.
Any stitches will be removed after 1 week to 10 days.
There may be the possibility of swelling, bruising, and the possibility of having to drain the part.
It is recommended that you avoid intense exercise and contact sports for at least 3 weeks.
Get back to normal
Resuming your normal routine depends on the length, complexity and type of hair transplant surgery. You can return to work and resume normal activity after a few days. Some patients who have undergone a hair transplant are disheartened to find that immediately after the surgery they still lose some hair, but this loss is completely normal and almost always it is a temporary loss. It will take another 5 to 6 weeks for hair growth to resume its normal cycle.
Follow-up after transplant
Surgery may be required for "retouching" that can give the most natural appearance possible, but these interventions will follow the healing of the scars left by the previous surgery. Only thanks to the follow-up of the intervention will it be possible to evaluate the results and if other corrective interventions are necessary.
Hair transplantation is normally safe when performed by an experienced doctor. However, each individual reacts differently, their physical reactions and healing abilities vary, and the outcome is never completely predictable.
As with any surgical procedure, the following can occur:
Infections. Is there a risk of infections after a hair transplant? A hair transplant infection is rare. If it does occur it usually comes with antibiotics, which can be prescribed by the doctor
In transplant procedures, there is a risk that some of the grafts will not 'take root'. While it is normal for hair to fall out before it resumes normal regrowth in the new location, surgery sometimes needs to be repeated if the problem does not go away within certain set times.