FUE HAIR TRANSPLANTATION, DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD, alopecia, Androgenetic alopecia, FUE, FUT surgery, INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS, TRANSPLANTATION TECHNIQUE, RESULTS
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FUE HAIR TRANSPLANTATION Partial or complete hair loss can be a real psychological test. Both men and women with a similar problem suffer from co..FUE HAIR TRANSPLANTATIONPartial or complete hair loss can be a real psychological test. Both men and women with a similar problem suffer from complexes and self-doubt, which affects all areas of life. Aesthetic medicine has developed many effective methods to restore lost hair. One such method is seamless follicle transplantation. This is a micro-surgery to transfer hair follicles from one place to another. As a result, even with a detailed examination, it is impossible to distinguish transplanted hair from ordinary ones.DESCRIPTION OF THE METHODSurgical hair transplantation is used in extreme cases of baldness. Loss of hair in certain parts of the head or in most of it is called "alopecia" in medicine. This disease comes in two forms: androgenic and cicatricial. The latter is not classified as a disease, it is just a patch of skin that has lost its hairline from mechanical injuries or burns.Androgenetic alopecia is considered the most common cause of baldness, especially among men. This phenomenon is associated with a disturbed metabolism of male hormones (androgens), as a result of which the bulbs are also broken, the hair falls out and is not restored. Since there are androgens in the female body, the loss of former hair is also not uncommon for ladies. In case of failures in the metabolism of hormones, a bald head appears in the forehead and crown of the head, therefore, in men, baldness most often forms in these places with age. To restore the appearance, conservative treatment with pills, vitamins, spa treatments is used. If such methods prove powerless, only artificial hair transplantation remains. It is possible to rehabilitate the hairline on scar tissue only in this way.Today, there are two main methods for transplanting bulbs: FUE - seamless technique; FUT - patchwork. The bottom line is that follicles are taken from the patient from healthy parts of the head and implanted into areas of the bald head, that is, they are simply transferred. In some cases, they can transplant hair from other parts of the body. The difference between transplantation methods is the way the donor bulbs are collected. With the patchwork technique, a strip of tissue is cut out from the back of the head, divided into small parts and implanted into the baldness area. With the seamless technique, the doctor takes the bulbs separately, without incisions and sutures. Therefore, this method is considered less traumatic.As a result of such transplantation, there are no scars, as with FUT surgery, the volume and appearance of the hair is restored. For transplantation, only the hair of the patient himself is used, in rare cases, biosynthetic implants are used. Restoring hairline is possible not only on the head. For aesthetic purposes, patients turn to clinics for hair transplantation on beards, eyebrows, mustaches.INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONSA direct indication for such a micro-operation is cicatricial and androgenetic alopecia. However, hair can fall out for many reasons, for example, from a lack of vitamins, with impaired thyroid function, malnutrition and bad habits. If baldness is associated with such problems, transplantation is extremely rare. The trichologist directs the patient for examination to clarify the cause of the phenomenon, prescribes medication. In most cases, you can restore your previous hairstyle with strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations, following a simple diet, and cosmetic procedures. FUE transplant is prescribed for: hair loss as a result of a burn or injury; baldness in men in the forehead and crown; loss of hair density in women, if it cannot be restored by other methods; to give the desired shape to the eyebrows, mustache and beard.Bulb transplantation is a complex medical manipulation, it helps to rehabilitate the hairline where other methods cannot cope. However, not everyone can carry out such a procedure, it is characterized by both contraindications and complications. A transplant is not prescribed: With chaotic hair loss throughout the body, foci and bald patches with smooth edges. Exacerbation of such a phenomenon can make the operation useless. If the area of baldness is too large. There are too few donor bulbs left, so the procedure will be ineffective. Such patients may be offered biosynthetic hair implantation. If hair loss is caused by radiation or after a course of chemotherapy. In such a situation, the patient's follicles are weakened throughout the body, so the transplanted bulbs can still fall out. In systemic diseases: hypertension, diabetes, tumors, etc. If androgenetic alopecia is rapidly progressing.Also, such manipulations are not carried out if the cause of hair loss is not exactly clarified, in which case the results of the operation will be unpredictable. Bulbs are transplanted to children only in extreme cases, for example, with cicatricial alopecia. In adolescents and children, as well as adults, baldness can be due to disruptions in the hormonal background, improper digestion, and stress. However, in a young organism, this picture is changing rapidly, so only conservative treatment is used.TRANSPLANTATION TECHNIQUEAlthough the restoration of hair is the task of aesthetic medicine, such an operation requires a lot of experience from the doctor and preparation of the patient. On average, this procedure lasts 5-7 hours, during which the doctor transplants up to 7,000 follicles. For the doctor and his ward, such an intervention will consist of several stages. TRAINING In fact, preparation for transplantation begins from the moment the patient contacts the clinic. He is prescribed an examination, tests, examination and consultation with related specialists. It is almost impossible to understand exactly the cause of baldness right away, and the final result depends on the correct diagnosis. After all studies, treatment is prescribed. If we are talking about androgenetic alopecia, a course of medications is prescribed. If the pills do not help for 5-6 months, and the patient continues to lose hair, the date of the operation is set. Direct preparation: 2 weeks before the scheduled day, they stop taking medications for baldness; the patient undergoes an examination to exclude all contraindications; for 7 days it is forbidden to take drugs that affect blood clotting; limit nicotine, exclude alcohol; a few days before the procedure, the doctor performs a test to extract the graft - a skin area with several follicles. The process takes place under local anesthesia, the material taken is examined, and how the follicle sampling is tolerated. If difficulties arise, the doctor prescribes a patchwork operation. During the examination, women undergo a greater number of tests and analyzes, since they do not often have androgenetic alopecia, but women have much more reasons for hair loss. After all the preparations, the patient comes to the operation itself.RESULTSAs a result of this procedure, the hairline is restored, the transplanted grafts take root easily, and then the hair grows and looks the same as the rest. Loss of transplanted hair can be, if the patient was poorly examined, with improper care. However, according to reviews, this happens very rarely. REHABILITATION AFTER TRANSPLANTIn the first days after the procedure, swelling and pain often occur in the operated area. This does not apply to complications, this phenomenon occurs due to the saline solution that is used during transplantation. To reduce swelling and pain, it is recommended to apply a cold compress for 10-20 minutes. But, if the pain does not subside, the swelling does not subside for 2 weeks, you need to contact your trichologist. Also, an unscheduled examination is urgently needed if the sites of implantation and material sampling bleed, itch, and fever sets in. These could be signs of infection. In the first month, it is important to avoid increased sweating and changes in blood circulation, so it is not recommended: drinking alcohol and smoking; go in for sports, overload yourself physically; sunbathe; swim in pools and natural reservoirs; wear tight bandages, hats; visit the solarium and saunas.As part of a proper recovery, it is important to follow all the recommendations of the doctor. After the operation, he will have to prescribe drugs against re-hair loss. As a rule, Minoxidil and Finasteride in tablets are prescribed to men, only the first one is enough for ladies. Other innovative medicines may also be prescribed. It is not recommended to take medicines without a prescription, as this will lead to unexpected consequences. Cosmetic care is also important, especially at first. Shampoo and other care products should be recommended by a trichologist. The first results of hair transplantation become noticeable within 1-2 months. The transplanted hair will grow just like the rest, but the grafts will take time to settle down. Full recovery of hair is predicted for 6-8 months. At this time, the so-called “shock loss” may occur, this is not scary, since not follicles fall out, but only hairs. Gradually, the appearance of the hairstyle will be restored, after 1 year, the care of the scalp is the same as before the operation.