Hair Transplant Turkey FUEL Technique The FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique is a very innovative and minimally invasive autotransplantation surgical procedure with which single follicular units are taken directly between the occipital and parietal area of the head and implanted in the area requiring grafting.
The hair is taken from the back of the head. This happens for two specific reasons:
In the occipital and parietal area the hair density is greater. This allows you to take many follicles and transport them to the area that needs transplantation, without noticing any lack of hair in the donor area. The single follicular unit can produce from 1 to 4 hairs depending on the distribution density of the hair which varies from person to person.
In the occipital and parietal area, the hair is resistant to the action of DHT and therefore is genetically immune to androgenetic alopecia. The bulbs located in the back area of the head remain productive of hair for life, so even if they are transported and grafted in the front or upper area (bald area), as in the case of the FUE technique.
The transplanted hair will no longer fall out for life, but the non-transplanted hair (original / pre-existing throughout the upper part of the head) will always continue to fall out. Hair loss in men is a continuous and incessant process that manifests itself at all ages, although to a lesser extent after the age of 35.
The Phases of Hair Transplantation (FUE Technique)
The first step is to practice anesthesia around the donor area, the operation could be a little annoying due to the "punctures" that are performed to put the intervention areas to sleep. During the following phases the patient will not feel any pain, will be completely conscious, will be able to watch television, eat or read the newspaper.
In the second phase (sampling) the bulbs will be extracted from the occipital area (nape) one by one and stored in a container containing a special solution enriched with proteins capable of stimulating cell proliferation and differentiation (the so-called growth factors) . The extraction takes place by means of hollow cylindrical micro scalpel (punch) which creates minimal openings and leaves no scars and is painless. Particular attention is paid, during extraction, to respect for the directionality and depth of the bulb. Thanks to the care and meticulous work carried out by the team, the possibility of damage to the units removed is minimal, in fact it is estimated that 97% of the follicles taken and grafted certainly take root with the FUE technique. The removal of the bulbs takes an average of two hours.
The third phase is that of preparation for the actual transplant. The location of the grafts, already agreed by the patient and the doctor in the very first phase of evaluation (planning the intervention), will take place according to a density and distribution appropriate to the age of an adult subject. Before proceeding with the grafting, the surgeon will prepare the receiving area corresponding to the bald area (where you intend to proceed with the grafting of the bulbs) in compliance with the previously established attachment line. In this phase, the "channels" for the grafts are prepared, more precisely, very thin incisions are made in the receiving area of the head in order to house the bulbs. The number of canals, the size and their directionality are the determining factors for the success of the transplant:
Before the intervention, the number of canals to be placed for each cm2 of bald surface, the future grafts, is counted. These furrows that will accommodate the hair follicles cannot exceed a certain amount per cm2. The positioned bulbs will have a variable yield from subject to subject in relation above all: to the different size of the follicles from individual to individual, to the number of bulbs that can be received from the donor area. In the hairline (attachment of the forehead) the follicles are grafted with a greater density to ensure a more pleasant aesthetic effect. Generally 25 to 35 bulbs per cm2 are grafted on average. It is possible in denser sessions and in certain areas (such as the frontal area) to reach 45 per cm2. Be wary of those who speak of more than 50 follicular units per cm2, such a quantity would be not recommended for the success of a transplant. Too many bulbs close together do not take root ... It would just be a waste! Keep in mind instead that a bulb can produce from 1 to 4 hairs depending on the patient and his hair density (different from person to person). It is good for the patient to understand that with the hair transplant it will certainly lead to evident improvements already after the first 6 months, but it is not possible to obtain (with a single transplant session) the same hair density as when we were 20 years!