What is hair transplant?
Hair transplantation is a surgical practice that consists in the transfer of one's own hair with its root, unharmed and with its annexes , from an area of the head, defined as the donor area, to another bald or thinning area, which we define the recipient area . The hair transplanted to their new location will behave as they would have done in their original site , giving rise to normal growth.
This now codified method was described in 1939 by a Japanese doctor Dr. Okuda and perfected in all its details by Dr. Orentreinch in 1959. Over the years, numerous scholars have further perfected this technique in order to improve the aesthetic result and make it as natural as possible.
The hair of the donor area is taken from the occipital and temporal regions (posterior and lateral) of the patient's head; in these areas , in fact, even in very extensive baldness, we will all be able to notice how hair does not fall out due to the diversity of hormonal receptors that characterize it. In practice, even people with very extensive and inveterate baldness retain a strip of hair that goes from the upper edge of one ear to the other and which will be useful for carrying out the surgery.
It is therefore clear that hair transplantation redistributes existing follicles and that it cannot create new ones (hence the use of the term "autotransplant"). Therefore the number of hair that each of us has available is fixed.
Why is a hair transplant performed?
Hair transplantation turns out to be the only lasting and effective solution to androgenetic alopecia .
How is the autograft performed?
Modern hair transplantation techniques allow you to regain hair in bald or thinned areas that grow regularly and do not require any other immediate and time-consuming treatment, other than ordinary washing and periodic shortening.
Currently the most used techniques to perform the autotransplant are two: the FUE and the FUT .
FUE is a technique that involves hair transplantation through direct removal of the follicular units (“tear” technique) with consequent small scars. With this technique, the various grafts are removed from the posterior and lateral regions of the head (donor area) by means of a hollow cylindrical scalpel (punch), which can frequently lead to damage to the follicles . The removal of the hair, however, is carried out "blindly", in the sense that the surgeon cannot see the real orientation of the hair inside the scalp, which could cause damage to the bulbs, in addition to the fact that the extraction is carried out "by pulling ”Being able to damage and break the hair roots.
The follicular units, more or less traumatized, are then inserted directly into the affected part to be thickened through small incisions.
FUT, considered the gold standard of surgical techniques, consists instead in the removal by the surgeon of a strip of scalp (STRIP) from the posterior or lateral regions of the head. The strip is then placed under special microscopes and divided by highly specialized personnel (doctors, biologists, etc.) into follicular units under the direct visual control of the surgeon, with practically no possibility of damage. The surgeon will then make micro-incisions in the bald or thickening areas, in which he will insert the hair to be transplanted.
There is an advanced method applied to FUT , called CFU .
We have described in more detail the differences between FUT and FUE techniques on this page .
Hair transplant: donor area
Donor area in the hair transplant performed with the FUT technique
How does the intervention take place?
Hair transplant surgery with the FUT technique is not painful and is performed under local anesthesia associated with mild sedation in the presence of an anesthetist.
An intervention with the FUE technique can take place over several days with sessions of up to 7-8 hours, while an intervention with the FUT technique takes place in a single day and lasts between 4.5 and 5.5 hours.
In any case, it is necessary to carry out a series of blood tests and a control electrocardiogram before the surgery in order to verify the good state of health of the candidate for surgery, so that the doctor can evaluate if there are any contraindications.
The tests to be performed are therefore typically: ECG, blood count, PT PTT, azotemia, creatininemia, electrolytes (Na, K, Cl), fibrinogen, glycemia, transaminases, Ab. HCV, HbsAg, HIV, blood group.
What happens after the operation?
Most patients may experience a “tight” sensation in the donor area (behind the neck) for 1-2 days. The numbness that can sometimes occur in the donor or recipient area usually disappears within a few weeks or months of surgery.
After the intervention on each "tagliettino" a small crust will form. Once healing has taken place, the crust will come off leaving a pink mark that will tend to lighten in a short time.
With the crust, even the hair embedded in it may fall out, but you don't have to worry: from the receiving area, after about three months, the new transplanted hairs will begin to appear, which will grow with the rhythm and methods similar to those of their home origin.
How often can hair transplant be done?
Hair transplantation can also be repeated more than once. This is in relation to the size of the bald area or to the eventual evolution of baldness in the untreated areas over the years.
Results and expectations
It should be noted that the surgeon does not create hair, he redistributes it, so the results will depend on the width of the bald area and the goodness of the donor area . What makes the difference is the ability of the experienced surgeon to have high engraftment rates , which means that it is not important how many hairs are transplanted but that all the hair that is transplanted takes root.
In some cases, results are obtained that can be spectacular, but there are no standard interventions, there are patients, each with their own expectations and possibilities for correction. This is why it is very important not to identify with the results that we can see on other patients both in a positive and in a negative sense. Each patient is a story in itself , because, if it is true that the transplanted hair remains for life, it is equally true that the loss of residual hair in the untreated areas can be chased for many years or for a lifetime .
Furthermore, it is necessary to take into account the donor area, which can be more or less thick, more or less extended and more or less elastic, in addition to the quality of the hair which, according to its type, with the same result, can give different results. A fine hair yields less than a thick hair, a thick hair yields less than a curly hair. Another variable is given by the chromatic tone of the hair which less contrasts with the underlying light skin, the more it gives a good effect of thickness of the transplant.
It is therefore necessary to plan the intervention well and verify if the expectations of the candidate are realistic in relation to the age, the donor area available and the bald area to be treated.
How long do the results of a hair transplant last?
As previously mentioned, the transplanted hair is not destined to fall out , since those coming from the donor area are genetically different and we could define them as "permanent". This hair will never die, so the hair transplant result will last forever in the treated area. This does not mean that the progression of baldness of residual hair could continue over the years, attacking only the non-transplanted hair thus modifying the result obtained, which can be improved with a possible new transplant.
Who can not have a hair transplant?
Hair transplant is not recommended:
In patients with unrealistic expectations in relation to their degree of baldness, it is often significant.
In those patients who have serious health problems, which do not allow to carry out any surgery in full safety conditions. The latter includes patients suffering from serious pathologies or autoimmune diseases . For this reason, the patient will be asked to carry out a series of blood tests and a control electrocardiogram before surgery.
How much does a hair transplant cost in Italy?
A hair transplant in Italy , therefore in a clinic subject to our strict safety and reliability standards and in relation to the professionalism of the surgeon and his team, has a cost that can vary from € 4800 to € 6000.
On this page you can find more information and details on the costs and services included.
Is hair transplantation safe?
Like all interventions, including dental ones, even hair transplantation is not without risks but if the patient is in good health and scrupulously observes the pre and post-operative prescriptions given to him, the risks are practically minimal , especially if carried out in suitable environments with specialized personnel, as happens in Italy .
The standards of safety , reliability, professionalism and competence of the medical team are fundamental aspects for the success of the hair transplant and, in particular, for the patient's health . These aspects cannot be found in so-called “ low cost ” clinics”, Which offer hair transplants with real tourist packages , which I mentioned on this page . Because remember, when costs are low, something has to be "cut", and often it cuts in terms of safety and professionalism.
Hair Transplantation by Turkey Hair Expert
Turkey Hair Expert provides high quality and safe hair transplant in Turkey at its contracted premier clinic, using the most advanced techniques and technologies. With a patient-centric and ethical approach, Turkey Hair Expert offers high-quality hair transplantation in Turkey with its experienced doctors and medical team.
For 3 years we have been chosen as the best hair transplant clinic in Istanbul (2016-2017-2018). Since our foundation we have dedicated all our knowledge and skills to hair transplantation, becoming true leaders in the sector.
As Turkey Hair Expert we are proud to offer competence and professionalism to patients from all over the world, who choose the experience of Dr.Emine Karabash, Dr.Mustafa Yilmaz and the highly qualified team of professionals.
At first I had some nerves surrounding the procedure, however, these were soon gone when reassured by the professional staff. So much so I came back for a second hair transplant. The procedure was painless and was completed on the same day, allowing for visible results with minimal scarring.
- James Elliott -
I came to Turkey Hair Expert clinic for hair transplant. From the start to finish everything was very professional. I received great service. The experience was outstanding.
- Allen Jones -
I recently underwent a hair transplant with Turkey Hair Expert and the care and attention that I received were outstanding. They cover everything for you and booked everything but the flights. They are all extremely friendly and make you feel welcome from start to finish. Definitely, recommend.
- Wayne Bennett -
I travelled to Turkey for a hair transplant with Turkey Hair Expert and was blown away by the facilities and the caring staff that were there upon my arrival. The result I am beginning to see are amazing and have fully restored my confidence. Definitely my top recommendation.
- Angar Safi -
I found out about the services provided by Turkey Hair Expert through a friend who had previously had the procedure done with them. I found the service to be highly professional with high-quality results, I would recommend this service to anyone.
- Oliver Lewis -
Turkey Hair Expert has helped to make the hair transplant more affordable to those who need them and the staff are amazing. They are on hand every step of the way and will answer any questions that you may have. – Definitely, recommend this service to all.
- Darren Thomas -
I came to Turkey to have a hair transplant with Turkey Hair Expert. I had a large number of graphs done and the time flew by. The process was seamless with an extremely high level of care. I highly recommend this service to all. Thanks, Longevita.
- Leon Hazlewood -
The overall experience with Turkey Hair Expert has exceeded my expectations. The surgery was painless and undergone in a professional manor and the results are outstanding. Extremely happy!
- David Miller -
I could not be happier with the results of my FUE hair transplant. The experience was outstanding and the accommodation, as well as the overall location, was beautiful. Definitely, use this service for a hair transplant!
- Kirk Trow -
I am absolutely satisfied with the procedure and the outcome visible so far. The communication and consultation with Turkey Hair Expert was very friendly and clear from the beginning to the end.
- Kevin Johnson-
Great experience. Staff is friendly and professional. Everything was taken care of from the moment we arrived at the airport till the day we left. Highly recommend!
- Joshua Hunter-
Very good experience with Turkey Hair Expert. Extremely well organised, professional and helpful. Couldn’t recommend them more if you’re thinking about hair and beard transplant.
- Nick Roth-
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